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CPSC Approves New Federal Safety Standard for Crib Mattresses: Rule to Provide a Safer Marketplace for Parents

Release Date: January 26, 2022

WASHINGTON, D.C. –The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) has approved a new federal mandatory safety standard that will ensure crib mattresses, as well as after-market mattresses used in play yards and cribs, are safer for babies.  

CPSC is aware of at least 494 incidents, including 139 fatalities and 355 nonfatal incidents related to crib mattresses, which occurred between January 2010 and April 2021. The hazard patterns associated with crib mattresses include design-related issues and compression of the mattress, resulting in asphyxiation or suffocation. 

By the fall of 2022, crib mattresses and after-market mattresses used in play yards and portable cribs, will be required to meet the new federal safety standard. The mandatory standard will require improved marking, labeling and instructions to communicate better the risks of injuries to consumers. The new standard addresses several hazards, such as lacerations from coil springs and excessively soft mattresses. It also requires that any mattress sold for use in a play yard, meet the same requirements as the original mattress, so that babies do not suffocate in a gap between the mattress and the flexible sides of the play yard. 

“Today’s vote means crib mattresses of all sizes will be required to meet safety standards,” said CPSC Chair Alex Hoehn-Saric. “This will improve safety for babies sleeping in cribs and play yards.”   

The new federal rule aims to further reduce the risk of injury related to: 

  • Suffocation hazards from overly soft crib mattresses, by adding a test for mattress firmness.
  • Entrapment hazards: 
    • Full-size crib mattresses - due to poor mattress fit from compression by sheets.
    • After-market, non-full-size crib mattresses - due to sizing. 
  • Laceration hazards due to coils and springs breaking and poking through mattresses.

It also includes marking, labeling and instructional literature improvements - to clarify for manufacturers and test labs, and to communicate better to consumers the risks of SIDS and suffocation related to infant positioning, soft bedding, and gap entrapment.

CPSC reminds consumers that the safest place for a baby to sleep is in a flat, bare crib. For more on safe sleep practices, click here.

For more information on the Section 104(b) of the Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act of 2008 (the Danny Keysar Child Product Safety Notification Act), which requires the Commission to issue consumer product safety standards for durable infant or toddler products, click here. 

The Commission voted 4 to 0 to approve the standard.

Crib and play yard mattresses are now among the more than 20 durable nursery products with mandatory standards, along with: infant sleep products, bassinets, play yards, bedside sleepers, swings, toddler beds, bouncer seats and changing tables.  

This new federal rule incorporates by reference ASTM F2933 – 21, Standard Consumer Safety Specification for Crib Mattresses.

Commissioner Statements: 

Statement of Commissioner Rich Trumka on Approval of Final Rule Safety Standard for Crib Mattresses

Release Number

About the U.S. CPSC
The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) is charged with protecting the public from unreasonable risk of injury or death associated with the use of thousands of types of consumer products. Deaths, injuries, and property damage from consumer product-related incidents cost the nation more than $1 trillion annually. CPSC's work to ensure the safety of consumer products has contributed to a decline in the rate of injuries associated with consumer products over the past 50 years. 

Federal law prohibits any person from selling products subject to a Commission ordered recall or a voluntary recall undertaken in consultation with the CPSC.

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