There are two separate requirements that may apply to portable fuel containers, filled or empty.
The Children’s Gasoline Burn Prevention Act (CGBPA), as amended by the Portable Fuel Container Safety Act of 2020 (PFCSA), requires portable containers of gasoline, kerosene, and diesel fuel to conform to ASTM F2517 and are codified at 16 CFR part 1460. 16 CFR § 1460.3 identifies the latest Commission accepted version of ASTM F2517 that is mandatory.
Separate from the requirements of the CGBPA, the PFCSA requires flame mitigation devices in portable fuel containers that impede the propagation of flame into the container. See FAQ “What is a liquid fuel?” for which portable fuel containers are subject to this requirement. The Commission determined that three existing voluntary standards meet the intent of PFSCA:
- Pre-filled portable fuel containers are subject to the requirements of ASTM F3429-F3429M-20.
- Portable fuel containers sold empty (that are not safety cans) are subject to the requirements of ASTM F3326-21.
- Safety cans are subject to the requirements of either ASTM F3326-21 or section 18 of UL 30:2022.
In addition, certain liquid fuels may also be subject to CGBPA, or be listed under 16 CFR § 1700.14(a) and must utilize special packaging per the PPPA; for more information, visit our PPPA business guidance page and related FAQs.
Read-only copies of ASTM standards that are incorporated by reference can be viewed for free at ASTM’s electronic Reading Room. Read-only copies of UL standards are available at UL’s Standards Sale Site by clicking “Browse and Buy Standards,” searching for UL 30, clicking “Digital View,” and signing in.
For more information, visit our Portable Fuel Container Business Guidance Page.
A liquid fuel is a fuel with a flash point less than 140 °F, which includes gasoline, kerosene, diesel, ethanol, methanol, denatured alcohol, or biofuels.
Domestic manufacturers and importers of portable fuel containers subject to a mandatory requirement must issue a General Certificate of Compliance (GCC). The citation for portable gasoline containers is: “16 CFR part 1460 – Portable gasoline container.” The citation for flame mitigation devices in portable fuel containers should reference the applicable voluntary standard used for testing. For more information on certificates, visit our GCC business guidance page.