Appliances
Product Instability or Tip-Over Injuries and Fatalities Associated with Televisions, Furniture, and Appliances 08/01/2016 Product Instability or Tip-Over Injuries and Fatalities Associated with Televisions, Furniture, and Appliances view

This report contains information on injuries and fatalities associated with television, furniture, and appliance product instability or tip-over. An estimate of emergency department-treated instability or tip-over injuries is presented. This is followed by the counts of reported fatalities. 

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Evaluation of an Infrared Distance-Measuring Sensor 07/07/2014 Evaluation of an Infrared Distance-Measuring Sensor view 8
Flux Mapping of Radiant Electric Heaters: Repeatability Considerations 07/19/2012 Flux Mapping of Radiant Electric Heaters: Repeatability Considerations view 8
Gas-fired Water Heater Ignition of Flammable Vapors, Part 4 (0118) 07/16/2012 Gas-fired Water Heater Ignition of Flammable Vapors, Part 4 (0118) view 8
Gas-fired Water Heater Ignition of Flammable Vapors, Part 3 (0118) 07/16/2012 Gas-fired Water Heater Ignition of Flammable Vapors, Part 3 (0118) view 8
Flux Mapping of Radiant Electric Heaters 08/01/2005 Flux Mapping of Radiant Electric Heaters view 8
Gas Water Heater Ignition of Flammable Liquids (0118) 12/28/2002 Gas Water Heater Ignition of Flammable Liquids (0118) view 8
Final Report on Fixed-Position Electric Heaters 01/01/2002 Final Report on Fixed-Position Electric Heaters view 8
Gas water heater (0118)(2) 07/22/1997 Gas water heater (0118)(2) view 8
Gas water heater (0118)(14) 07/22/1997 Gas water heater (0118)(14) view 8
Gas water heater (0118)(10) 07/22/1997 Gas water heater (0118)(10) view 8
Gas water heater (0118)(6) 07/22/1997 Gas water heater (0118)(6) view 8
Gas water heater (0118)(1) 07/22/1997 Gas water heater (0118)(1) view 8
Gas water heater (0118)(13) 07/22/1997 Gas water heater (0118)(13) view 8
Gas water heater (0118)(9) 07/22/1997 Gas water heater (0118)(9) view 8
Gas water heater (0118)(5) 07/22/1997 Gas water heater (0118)(5) view 8
Gas water heater (0118)(12) 07/22/1997 Gas water heater (0118)(12) view 8
Gas water heater (0118)(8) 07/22/1997 Gas water heater (0118)(8) view 8
Gas water heater (0118)(4) 07/22/1997 Gas water heater (0118)(4) view 8
Gas water heater (0118)(3) 07/22/1997 Gas water heater (0118)(3) view 8
Gas water heater (0118)(11) 07/22/1997 Gas water heater (0118)(11) view 8
Gas water heater (0118)(7) 07/22/1997 Gas water heater (0118)(7) view 8
Gas-fired Water Heater Ignition of Flammable Vapors, Part 2 (0118) 11/24/1994 Gas-fired Water Heater Ignition of Flammable Vapors, Part 2 (0118) view 8
Gas-fired Water Heater Ignition of Flammable Vapors, Part 1 (0118) 11/24/1994 Gas-fired Water Heater Ignition of Flammable Vapors, Part 1 (0118) view 8
Gas-fired Water Heater Ignition of Flammable Vapors, Part 4 (0118) 11/24/1994 Gas-fired Water Heater Ignition of Flammable Vapors, Part 4 (0118) view 8
Gas-fired Water Heater Ignition of Flammable Vapors, Part 3 (0118) 11/24/1994 Gas-fired Water Heater Ignition of Flammable Vapors, Part 3 (0118) view 8
ATV and ROVs
ATV Attribute Modification Study: Results of Baseline and Modified Vehicle Testing 05/18/2018 ATV Attribute Modification Study: Results of Baseline and Modified Vehicle Testing view 105
Vehicle Characteristics Measurements of ATVs on Groomed Dirt 02/23/2018 Vehicle Characteristics Measurements of ATVs on Groomed Dirt view 8
Effects on ATV Vehicle Characteristics of Rider Active Weight Shift 01/30/2018 Effects on ATV Vehicle Characteristics of Rider Active Weight Shift view 8
SEA Report to CPSC "Effects on Vehicle Characteristics of Two Persons Riding ATVs" 09/14/2017 SEA Report to CPSC "Effects on Vehicle Characteristics of Two Persons Riding ATVs" view 8
Test Trial Focus Groups on Child-Resistant ATV Ignition Functionality and Usability Study: Final Report 07/27/2017 Test Trial Focus Groups on Child-Resistant ATV Ignition Functionality and Usability Study: Final Report view 8
SEA Report to CPSC "Vehicle Characteristics Measurements of All-Terrain Vehicles" 01/25/2017 SEA Report to CPSC "Vehicle Characteristics Measurements of All-Terrain Vehicles" view 8
All-Terrain Vehicle (ATV) Attribute Modification Study Results of Baseline Vehicle Testing for CPSC conducted by SEA Limited (SEA) and CPSC statement 09/08/2016 All-Terrain Vehicle (ATV) Attribute Modification Study Results of Baseline Vehicle Testing for CPSC conducted by SEA Limited (SEA) and CPSC statement view

Presents results for vehicle testing conducted by SEA Limited (SEA) on three 2014-2015 model year ATVs under contract CPSC-S-14-0047. The baseline testing results documented in the report includes static and dynamic characteristics data for vehicles in their "as-received" configuration.

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Dynamic Occupant Protection Performance Tests for Recreational Off-Highway Vehicles (ROVs) 05/04/2016 Dynamic Occupant Protection Performance Tests for Recreational Off-Highway Vehicles (ROVs) view 8
Vehicle Characteristics Measurements of Recreational Off-Highway Vehicles - Results from Tests on Thirteen 2014-2015 Model Year Vehicles 12/01/2015 Vehicle Characteristics Measurements of Recreational Off-Highway Vehicles - Results from Tests on Thirteen 2014-2015 Model Year Vehicles view 1
Tilt Table Measurements on Twenty-Two Recreational Off-Highway Vehicles 12/01/2015 Tilt Table Measurements on Twenty-Two Recreational Off-Highway Vehicles view 1
Evaluation of Recreational Off-Highway (ROV) Vehicle Hangtag: Cognitive Interview and Focus Group Testing 08/31/2015 Evaluation of Recreational Off-Highway (ROV) Vehicle Hangtag: Cognitive Interview and Focus Group Testing view 1
Westat Phase 3 Final Report - Observational Study of Seat Belt Use in ROVs 07/02/2015 Westat Phase 3 Final Report - Observational Study of Seat Belt Use in ROVs view 1
Supplemental Memos Regarding Some of the Hazards Associated with Engine-Driven Generators, 2004-2014 06/01/2015 Supplemental Memos Regarding Some of the Hazards Associated with Engine-Driven Generators, 2004-2014 view 8
Westat Phase 2 Final Report - User Acceptance of Seat Belt Speed Limiters on ROVs 02/21/2015 Westat Phase 2 Final Report - User Acceptance of Seat Belt Speed Limiters on ROVs view 1
Repeatability Testing of ROVs 11/06/2013 Repeatability Testing of ROVs view 1
Results from Proposed ROHVA and OPEI Dynamic Maneuvers 08/07/2013 Results from Proposed ROHVA and OPEI Dynamic Maneuvers view 1
Circle Testing of Two ROVs on Dirt Surface 08/07/2013 Circle Testing of Two ROVs on Dirt Surface view 1
Test and Evaluation report Pilot Study-Phase II of ROVs 07/24/2013 Test and Evaluation report Pilot Study-Phase II of ROVs view 1
Test and Evaluation Report Pilot Study of ROVs 07/24/2013 Test and Evaluation Report Pilot Study of ROVs view 1
Test and Evaluation of ROVs Dynamic Occupant Protection Performance Tests for CPSC by SEA 07/24/2013 Test and Evaluation of ROVs Dynamic Occupant Protection Performance Tests for CPSC by SEA view 1
Vehicle Characteristics Measurements of Recreational Off-Highway Vehicles - Additional Results for Vehicle J for the CPSC by SEA Ltd., Vehicle Dynamics Division (5044) 08/01/2011 Vehicle Characteristics Measurements of Recreational Off-Highway Vehicles - Additional Results for Vehicle J for the CPSC by SEA Ltd., Vehicle Dynamics Division (5044) view 1
Vehicle Characteristics Measurements of Recreational Off-Highway Vehicles for the CPSC by SEA Ltd., Vehicle Dynamics Division (5044) 04/01/2011 Vehicle Characteristics Measurements of Recreational Off-Highway Vehicles for the CPSC by SEA Ltd., Vehicle Dynamics Division (5044) view 1
Chemicals
Toxicity Review of ATBC 11/28/2018 Toxicity Review of ATBC view 8
Toxicity Review of DINX 11/28/2018 Toxicity Review of DINX view 8
Toxicity Review of DEHA 11/28/2018 Toxicity Review of DEHA view 8
Toxicity Review of TOTM 11/28/2018 Toxicity Review of TOTM view 8
Toxicity Review of TPIB 11/28/2018 Toxicity Review of TPIB view 8
Toxicity Review of DEHT 11/28/2018 Toxicity Review of DEHT view 8
CPSC Staff Statement on the Toxicology Excellence for Risk Assessment Report, “Environmental Concentrations and Consumer Exposure Data for Selected Flame Retardants (TBB, TBPH, TBBPA, ATO)” 01/05/2018 CPSC Staff Statement on the Toxicology Excellence for Risk Assessment Report, “Environmental Concentrations and Consumer Exposure Data for Selected Flame Retardants (TBB, TBPH, TBBPA, ATO)” view 15
CPSC Staff Statement on the Toxicology Excellence for Risk Assessment Report, “Flame Retardant Assessment Database” 01/05/2018 CPSC Staff Statement on the Toxicology Excellence for Risk Assessment Report, “Flame Retardant Assessment Database” view 15
Liquid Laundry Packet Letter to ASTM on Baseline Injuries 10/27/2017 Liquid Laundry Packet Letter to ASTM on Baseline Injuries view

This letter was prepared to share baseline injury data for the July 2012 to June 2013 period on liquid laundry packet injuries.

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TERA Report - Exposure Assessment: Potential for the Presence of Phthalates and Other Specified Elements in Undyed Manufactured Fibers and their Colorants 10/20/2016 TERA Report - Exposure Assessment: Potential for the Presence of Phthalates and Other Specified Elements in Undyed Manufactured Fibers and their Colorants view

In support of reducing third party testing burdens while assuring compliance CPSC contracted a study on whether manufactured fibers could be determined not to contain lead, phthalates, or the elements in ASTM F963; and thus not require third party testing for children’s product certification purposes.

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CPSC Nanomaterial Statement 07/07/2016 CPSC Nanomaterial Statement view 8
What you should know about using paint strippers 04/01/2013 What you should know about using paint strippers view 8
Cigarettes
Reduced Ignition Propensity Cigarettes: Presentation at Fire and Materials 2013 01/29/2013 Reduced Ignition Propensity Cigarettes: Presentation at Fire and Materials 2013 view 1
Cigarette Ignition Risk Project, November 2012 11/01/2012 Cigarette Ignition Risk Project, November 2012 view 1
Toxicity Testing Plan (1909)(2) 07/13/2012 Toxicity Testing Plan (1909)(2) view 1
Cigarettes Igniting Soft Furnishings (1909)(2) 07/13/2012 Cigarettes Igniting Soft Furnishings (1909)(2) view 1
Modeling the Ignition of Soft Furnishings by a Cigarette (2 of 3) 07/13/2012 Modeling the Ignition of Soft Furnishings by a Cigarette (2 of 3) view 1
Cigarette Fire Incident Study (1909)(1) 07/13/2012 Cigarette Fire Incident Study (1909)(1) view 1
Toxicity Testing Plan (1909)(1) 07/13/2012 Toxicity Testing Plan (1909)(1) view 1
Societal Costs of Cigarette Fires (1909)(2) 07/13/2012 Societal Costs of Cigarette Fires (1909)(2) view 1
Cigarettes Igniting Soft Furnishings (1909)(3) 07/13/2012 Cigarettes Igniting Soft Furnishings (1909)(3) view 6
Toxicity Testing Plan (1909)(3) 07/13/2012 Toxicity Testing Plan (1909)(3) view 1
Cigarettes Igniting Soft Furnishings (1909)(1) 07/13/2012 Cigarettes Igniting Soft Furnishings (1909)(1) view 1
Modeling the Ignition of Soft Furnishings by a Cigarette (3 of 3) 07/13/2012 Modeling the Ignition of Soft Furnishings by a Cigarette (3 of 3) view 1
Cigarette Fire Incident Study (1909)(2) 07/13/2012 Cigarette Fire Incident Study (1909)(2) view 1
Societal Costs of Cigarette Fires (1909)(1) 07/13/2012 Societal Costs of Cigarette Fires (1909)(1) view 1
Societal Costs of Cigarette Fires (1909)(3) 07/13/2012 Societal Costs of Cigarette Fires (1909)(3) view 1
Modeling the Ignition of Soft Furnishings by a Cigarette (1 of 3) 07/13/2012 Modeling the Ignition of Soft Furnishings by a Cigarette (1 of 3) view 1
CPSC Staff Assessment of Cigarette Ignition Risk 03/20/2008 CPSC Staff Assessment of Cigarette Ignition Risk view 1
Review of Sheeting Fabric Specifications for Cigarette Ignition Mockup Tests (4014) 05/20/2005 Review of Sheeting Fabric Specifications for Cigarette Ignition Mockup Tests (4014) view 1
Review of Proposed Requirement for Reconditioning Cigarette Ignition Mockup Foam for Post-Test Weight Loss Measurement (4014) 05/20/2005 Review of Proposed Requirement for Reconditioning Cigarette Ignition Mockup Foam for Post-Test Weight Loss Measurement (4014) view 1
Practicability of Developing a Performance Standard to Reduce Cigarette Ignition Propensity 08/09/1993 Practicability of Developing a Performance Standard to Reduce Cigarette Ignition Propensity view 1
Clothes Dryers
AHAM Comments on 2015 Report on Refinement of Temperature-Limiting Controls for Cooktops 12/02/2015 AHAM Comments on 2015 Report on Refinement of Temperature-Limiting Controls for Cooktops view 8
Report on Refinement of Temperature-Limiting Control Systems for Preventing Oil Ignition on Gas and Electric Cooktops (2015) – Primaira LLC 12/02/2015 Report on Refinement of Temperature-Limiting Control Systems for Preventing Oil Ignition on Gas and Electric Cooktops (2015) – Primaira LLC view 8
Internal Cabinet Temperatures of Electric Clothes Dryers 09/22/2015 Internal Cabinet Temperatures of Electric Clothes Dryers view 6
CPSC Staff Statement on the Report, “Testing of Ignition Prevention Capabilities of a Pan Temperature Control System in A Gas Cooktop” 08/04/2014 CPSC Staff Statement on the Report, “Testing of Ignition Prevention Capabilities of a Pan Temperature Control System in A Gas Cooktop” view 8
GAS RANGE DELAYED IGNITIONS Tests and Examinations of Ranges 07/17/2012 GAS RANGE DELAYED IGNITIONS Tests and Examinations of Ranges view 8
An Evaluation of Using Indicators to Inform Consumers of Clothes Dryer Status 06/01/2011 An Evaluation of Using Indicators to Inform Consumers of Clothes Dryer Status view 6
Consumer Opinion Forum, Survey #3, Clothes Dryer Maintenance 09/01/2010 Consumer Opinion Forum, Survey #3, Clothes Dryer Maintenance view 6
Testing of Combustibles on the Heater Housings Used in Electric Clothes Dryers 07/30/2004 Testing of Combustibles on the Heater Housings Used in Electric Clothes Dryers view 6
IQ 03-2, Final Report on Electric Clothes Dryers and Lint Ignition Characteristics, November 21, 2003 - CPSC responded November 20 & 21, 2003 11/21/2003 IQ 03-2, Final Report on Electric Clothes Dryers and Lint Ignition Characteristics, November 21, 2003 - CPSC responded November 20 & 21, 2003 view 8
IQ 04-2, Final Report on Electric Clothes Dryers and Lint Ignition Characteristics, July 11, 2003, CPSC responded June 8, 2004 07/11/2003 IQ 04-2, Final Report on Electric Clothes Dryers and Lint Ignition Characteristics, July 11, 2003, CPSC responded June 8, 2004 view 8
Appendix G - lint at Heater Intake 05/01/2003 Appendix G - lint at Heater Intake view 8
Appendix C - Dryer Design C 05/01/2003 Appendix C - Dryer Design C view 8
Final Report on Electric Clothes Dryers and Lint Ignition Characteristics 05/01/2003 Final Report on Electric Clothes Dryers and Lint Ignition Characteristics view 8
Appendix F - Lint on Heater Housing 05/01/2003 Appendix F - Lint on Heater Housing view 8
Appendix B - Dryer Design B 05/01/2003 Appendix B - Dryer Design B view 8
Appendix I- Discussion 05/01/2003 Appendix I- Discussion view 8
Appendix E - Monitor Lint Distribution 05/01/2003 Appendix E - Monitor Lint Distribution view 8
Appendix A - Dryer Design A 05/01/2003 Appendix A - Dryer Design A view 8
Appendix H - Lint Ingested into the Heater 05/01/2003 Appendix H - Lint Ingested into the Heater view 8
Appendix D - Dryer Design D 05/01/2003 Appendix D - Dryer Design D view 8
Electric & Gas Clothes Dryers: Staff Evaluation and Contractor Report 05/01/2003 Electric & Gas Clothes Dryers: Staff Evaluation and Contractor Report view 8
Electric & Gas Clothes Dryers: Staff Evaluation and Contractor Report 02/25/2000 Electric & Gas Clothes Dryers: Staff Evaluation and Contractor Report view 8
Clothes Dryer Project: Report on Electric and Gas Clothes Dryers 02/25/1999 Clothes Dryer Project: Report on Electric and Gas Clothes Dryers view 8
Electrical, GFCI and AFCI
Consumer Opinion Forum, Survey #2 - GFCI Receptacles 11/01/2009 Consumer Opinion Forum, Survey #2 - GFCI Receptacles view 8
Hazards Related to Electric Lighting Products (0627) 03/08/2005 Hazards Related to Electric Lighting Products (0627) view 8
CPSC Staff Proposals for the National Electrical Code (9999) 03/18/2003 CPSC Staff Proposals for the National Electrical Code (9999) view 8
Arc Fault Circuit Interrupter Replacements (4063) 03/10/2003 Arc Fault Circuit Interrupter Replacements (4063) view 8
Ground Fault Circuit Interrupters (4063) 03/10/2003 Ground Fault Circuit Interrupters (4063) view 8
An Evaluation of the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission's Electrocution Reduction Program 1 11/01/2002 An Evaluation of the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission's Electrocution Reduction Program 1 view 8
New Technology for Preventing Residential Electrical Fires: AFCIs 08/15/1999 New Technology for Preventing Residential Electrical Fires: AFCIs view 8
Part 2 - Technology for Detecting and Monitoring Conditions That Could Cause Electrical Wiring System Fires (4061) 09/01/1995 Part 2 - Technology for Detecting and Monitoring Conditions That Could Cause Electrical Wiring System Fires (4061) view 8
Part 1 - Technology for Detecting and Monitoring Conditions That Could Cause Electrical Wiring System Fires (4061) 09/01/1995 Part 1 - Technology for Detecting and Monitoring Conditions That Could Cause Electrical Wiring System Fires (4061) view 8
Study of Deterioration of Separable Electrical Contacts (0702)(1) 11/01/1994 Study of Deterioration of Separable Electrical Contacts (0702)(1) view 8
Fire
CPSC Staff Requests UL STP 1370 Meeting 10/18/2018 CPSC Staff Requests UL STP 1370 Meeting view 8
NIST Technical Note XXXX, Smoke Alarm Performances in Kitchen Fires and Nuisance Alarm Scenarios, Safety Testing of Lithium Ion Cell Phone Batteries Test Report , November 2012 (0702) 11/01/2012 NIST Technical Note XXXX, Smoke Alarm Performances in Kitchen Fires and Nuisance Alarm Scenarios, Safety Testing of Lithium Ion Cell Phone Batteries Test Report , November 2012 (0702) view 8
Contractor Report on Development and Testing of a Temperature-Sensing Control System for Preventing Cooking Fires on Ranges and Status of Staff Cooking Fire Reduction Efforts 08/12/2012 Contractor Report on Development and Testing of a Temperature-Sensing Control System for Preventing Cooking Fires on Ranges and Status of Staff Cooking Fire Reduction Efforts view 8
Smoke Alarm Paradox (0702) 03/05/2012 Smoke Alarm Paradox (0702) view 8
Home Smoke Alarms - A Technology Roadmap 03/01/2012 Home Smoke Alarms - A Technology Roadmap view 8
2004-2005 National Sample Survey of Unreported Residential Fires 07/01/2009 2004-2005 National Sample Survey of Unreported Residential Fires view 8
Estimates of the Incidence and Costs of Fire-Related Injuries 07/01/2009 Estimates of the Incidence and Costs of Fire-Related Injuries view 8
Applying State-of-the-Art Technologies to Reduce Escape Times from Fires using Environmental Sensing, Improved Occupant Egress Guidance, and Multiple Communication Protocols (9999) 02/06/2009 Applying State-of-the-Art Technologies to Reduce Escape Times from Fires using Environmental Sensing, Improved Occupant Egress Guidance, and Multiple Communication Protocols (9999) view 8
Flux Mapping of Radiant Electric Heaters: Repeatability Considerations 06/01/2008 Flux Mapping of Radiant Electric Heaters: Repeatability Considerations view 8
Mattress and Bedding Fire Casualty Prevention Estimates - Updated using 2003-2004 NFIRS Data 03/03/2008 Mattress and Bedding Fire Casualty Prevention Estimates - Updated using 2003-2004 NFIRS Data view 8
Evaluation of Electric Lighting Products 12/30/2007 Evaluation of Electric Lighting Products view 8
The Implementation and Demonstration of Flame Detection and Wireless Communications in a Consumer Appliance to Improve Fire Detection Capabilities (0702) 06/08/2007 The Implementation and Demonstration of Flame Detection and Wireless Communications in a Consumer Appliance to Improve Fire Detection Capabilities (0702) view 6
Considerations for Installation of Smoke Alarms on Residential Branch Circuits (0702) 10/01/2005 Considerations for Installation of Smoke Alarms on Residential Branch Circuits (0702) view 8
Possible Technologies for Improving the Audibility of Residential Smoke Alarms for Older Adults (0702) 09/01/2005 Possible Technologies for Improving the Audibility of Residential Smoke Alarms for Older Adults (0702) view 8
The Audibility of Smoke Alarms in Residential Homes (0701) 09/01/2005 The Audibility of Smoke Alarms in Residential Homes (0701) view 8
Review of the Sound Effectiveness of Residential Smoke Alarms (0702) 12/01/2004 Review of the Sound Effectiveness of Residential Smoke Alarms (0702) view 8
Fire Indicators Project Report (CPSC/LS/TR-04/001) (9999) 04/01/2004 Fire Indicators Project Report (CPSC/LS/TR-04/001) (9999) view 8
Contractor Report - Wireless Communications Capabilities in Off-the-Shelf, Battery-Powered Smoke Alarms (0702) 03/23/2004 Contractor Report - Wireless Communications Capabilities in Off-the-Shelf, Battery-Powered Smoke Alarms (0702) view 8
Update on Hazards Associated with Portable Electric Fans 01/29/2004 Update on Hazards Associated with Portable Electric Fans view 8
Smoke Alarms, Low Cost Batteries and Wireless Technology (0702) 07/11/2003 Smoke Alarms, Low Cost Batteries and Wireless Technology (0702) view 8
Lithium Batteries in Residential Smoke Alarms (0884) 12/01/2002 Lithium Batteries in Residential Smoke Alarms (0884) view 8
Fire Indicators (1866) 08/01/2002 Fire Indicators (1866) view 8
Preliminary Test Results on LITHIUM BATTERIES Used in Residential Smoke Alarms (0884) 06/28/2002 Preliminary Test Results on LITHIUM BATTERIES Used in Residential Smoke Alarms (0884) view 8
Final Report on Portable Electric Fans - Fires 05/28/2002 Final Report on Portable Electric Fans - Fires view 8
Final Report on Fixed-Position Electric Heaters 01/01/2002 Final Report on Fixed-Position Electric Heaters view 8
Candle Fires Pilot Study Summary (0463) 09/19/2001 Candle Fires Pilot Study Summary (0463) view 8
Fire Incident Study, National Smoke Detector Project (0702) 01/01/1995 Fire Incident Study, National Smoke Detector Project (0702) view 8
Smoke Detector Operability Survey Report (0702)(2) 10/01/1994 Smoke Detector Operability Survey Report (0702)(2) view 8
Smoke Detector Operability Survey Report (0702)(1) 10/01/1994 Smoke Detector Operability Survey Report (0702)(1) view 8
What Causes Wiring Fires in Residences (4061) 02/01/1990 What Causes Wiring Fires in Residences (4061) view 8
Residential Electrical Distribution System Fires (4061) 04/01/1988 Residential Electrical Distribution System Fires (4061) view 8
Flame Retardants
CPSC Staff Statement on the Toxicology Excellence for Risk Assessment Report, “Environmental Concentrations and Consumer Exposure Data for Selected Flame Retardants (TBB, TBPH, TBBPA, ATO)” 01/05/2018 CPSC Staff Statement on the Toxicology Excellence for Risk Assessment Report, “Environmental Concentrations and Consumer Exposure Data for Selected Flame Retardants (TBB, TBPH, TBBPA, ATO)” view 15
CPSC Staff Statement on the Toxicology Excellence for Risk Assessment Report, “Flame Retardant Assessment Database” 01/05/2018 CPSC Staff Statement on the Toxicology Excellence for Risk Assessment Report, “Flame Retardant Assessment Database” view 15
Contractor Report: Exposure Assessment of Selected Flame Retardant Chemicals 11/17/2017 Contractor Report: Exposure Assessment of Selected Flame Retardant Chemicals view 8
CPSC Staff Statement on Toxicology Excellence for Risk Assessment (TERA) Report “Environmental Concentrations and Consumer Exposure Data for Tris(2-Chloroethyl)Phosphate (TCEP)” 06/01/2015 CPSC Staff Statement on Toxicology Excellence for Risk Assessment (TERA) Report “Environmental Concentrations and Consumer Exposure Data for Tris(2-Chloroethyl)Phosphate (TCEP)” view 1
CPSC Staff Statement on Toxicology Excellence for Risk Assessment's Report on Exposure Data for Selected Flame Retardants 06/01/2015 CPSC Staff Statement on Toxicology Excellence for Risk Assessment's Report on Exposure Data for Selected Flame Retardants view 1
CPSC Staff Statement on Toxicology Excellence for Risk Assessment (TERA) Report “Toxicity Review of Tris(2-Chloroethyl) Phosphate (TCEP)” 02/19/2015 CPSC Staff Statement on Toxicology Excellence for Risk Assessment (TERA) Report “Toxicity Review of Tris(2-Chloroethyl) Phosphate (TCEP)” view 1
CPSC Staff Briefing Package on Regulatory Alternatives to Address the Flammability of Upholstered Furniture. November 2007. Section 6 contains discussion of flame retardant chemical issues. 11/01/2007 CPSC Staff Briefing Package on Regulatory Alternatives to Address the Flammability of Upholstered Furniture. November 2007. Section 6 contains discussion of flame retardant chemical issues. view 1
CPSC Staff Preliminary Risk Assessment of Flame Retardant (FR) Chemicals in Upholstered Furniture Foam. December 2006. 12/01/2006 CPSC Staff Preliminary Risk Assessment of Flame Retardant (FR) Chemicals in Upholstered Furniture Foam. December 2006. view 1
Quantitative Assessment of Potential Health Effects from the use of Fire Retardant Chemicals in Mattresses. Final Rule for the Flammability (Open Flame) of mattress Sets Tab D. January 2006. 01/01/2006 Quantitative Assessment of Potential Health Effects from the use of Fire Retardant Chemicals in Mattresses. Final Rule for the Flammability (Open Flame) of mattress Sets Tab D. January 2006. view 1
Fuel, Lighters & Fireworks
2013 Fireworks Safety Standards Development Status Report 02/11/2014 2013 Fireworks Safety Standards Development Status Report view 1
2011 Fireworks Status Report 10/23/2013 2011 Fireworks Status Report view 1
FY 2012 Fireworks Safety Standards Development Status Report 03/22/2013 FY 2012 Fireworks Safety Standards Development Status Report view 1
Reduced Ignition Propensity Cigarettes: Fire and Materials 2013 03/08/2013 Reduced Ignition Propensity Cigarettes: Fire and Materials 2013 view 1
Cigarette Ignition Risk Project, November 2012 01/28/2013 Cigarette Ignition Risk Project, November 2012 view 1
CPSC Staff Assessment of Cigarette Ignition Risk 07/19/2012 CPSC Staff Assessment of Cigarette Ignition Risk view 1
Review of Sheeting Fabric Specifications for Cigarette Ignition Mockup Tests (4014) 07/18/2012 Review of Sheeting Fabric Specifications for Cigarette Ignition Mockup Tests (4014) view 1
Review of Proposed Requirement for Reconditioning Cigarette Ignition Mockup Foam for Post-Test Weight Loss Measurement (4014) 07/18/2012 Review of Proposed Requirement for Reconditioning Cigarette Ignition Mockup Foam for Post-Test Weight Loss Measurement (4014) view 1
Study of the effectiveness of the US safety standard for child resistant cigarette lighters 07/17/2012 Study of the effectiveness of the US safety standard for child resistant cigarette lighters view 1
Report on the Safety of Portable Fuel Containers (Gas Cans) (0981) 07/17/2012 Report on the Safety of Portable Fuel Containers (Gas Cans) (0981) view 1
Analysis of Residential LP-Gas Fuel Usage (0131) (Part 2 of 5) 07/16/2012 Analysis of Residential LP-Gas Fuel Usage (0131) (Part 2 of 5) view 1
Dynamic Conditions on LP-Gas Odorant Fade (0131) (Part 1 of 2) 07/16/2012 Dynamic Conditions on LP-Gas Odorant Fade (0131) (Part 1 of 2) view 1
Analysis of Residential LP-Gas Fuel Usage (0131) (Part 4 of 5) 07/16/2012 Analysis of Residential LP-Gas Fuel Usage (0131) (Part 4 of 5) view 1
Final Contract Report on Long-Term LP-Gas Storage (0131) 07/16/2012 Final Contract Report on Long-Term LP-Gas Storage (0131) view 1
Dynamic Conditions on LP-Gas Odorant Fade (0131) (Part 2 of 2) 07/16/2012 Dynamic Conditions on LP-Gas Odorant Fade (0131) (Part 2 of 2) view 1
Analysis of Residential LP-Gas Fuel Usage (0131) (Part 5 of 5) 07/16/2012 Analysis of Residential LP-Gas Fuel Usage (0131) (Part 5 of 5) view 1
Information on LP-Gas (Propane) Odorant (0131) (Part 1 of 2) 07/16/2012 Information on LP-Gas (Propane) Odorant (0131) (Part 1 of 2) view 1
Analysis of Residential LP-Gas Fuel Usage (0131) (Part 1 of 5) 07/16/2012 Analysis of Residential LP-Gas Fuel Usage (0131) (Part 1 of 5) view 1
Information on LP-Gas (Propane) Odorant (0131) (Part 2 of 2) 07/16/2012 Information on LP-Gas (Propane) Odorant (0131) (Part 2 of 2) view 1
Analysis of Residential LP-Gas Fuel Usage (0131) (Part 3 of 5) 07/16/2012 Analysis of Residential LP-Gas Fuel Usage (0131) (Part 3 of 5) view 1
Modeling the Ignition of Soft Furnishings by a Cigarette (3 of 3) 07/13/2012 Modeling the Ignition of Soft Furnishings by a Cigarette (3 of 3) view 1
Cigarette Fire Incident Study (1909)(2) 07/13/2012 Cigarette Fire Incident Study (1909)(2) view 1
Societal Costs of Cigarette Fires (1909)(1) 07/13/2012 Societal Costs of Cigarette Fires (1909)(1) view 1
Societal Costs of Cigarette Fires (1909)(3) 07/13/2012 Societal Costs of Cigarette Fires (1909)(3) view 1
Modeling the Ignition of Soft Furnishings by a Cigarette (1 of 3) 07/13/2012 Modeling the Ignition of Soft Furnishings by a Cigarette (1 of 3) view 1
Toxicity Testing Plan (1909)(2) 07/13/2012 Toxicity Testing Plan (1909)(2) view 1
Cigarettes Igniting Soft Furnishings (1909)(2) 07/13/2012 Cigarettes Igniting Soft Furnishings (1909)(2) view 1
Modeling the Ignition of Soft Furnishings by a Cigarette (2 of 3) 07/13/2012 Modeling the Ignition of Soft Furnishings by a Cigarette (2 of 3) view 1
Cigarette Fire Incident Study (1909)(1) 07/13/2012 Cigarette Fire Incident Study (1909)(1) view 1
Toxicity Testing Plan (1909)(1) 07/13/2012 Toxicity Testing Plan (1909)(1) view 1
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8
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Home Appliances, Maintenance and Construction
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CPSC Study of Hazardous Products in Thrift Stores 01/01/2000 CPSC Study of Hazardous Products in Thrift Stores view

Overview

  • The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) conducted a national study of thrift, consignment and resale ("thrift") shops from May through September 1999 to determine the extent to which thrift stores sell hazardous products.
  • The specific products targeted in the study were banned, recalled or did not meet current voluntary safety standards. Throughout this study, these products are referred to as hazardous because they pose a danger of death or serious injury.
  • CPSC visited 301 randomly selected thrift stores across the country. Much of the market is held by local and independent stores, which accounted for 72 percent of the sample. The national organizations, including the Salvation Army and Goodwill, made up 28 percent of the sample.
  • Overall, 69 percent of the thrift shops visited had at least one product that was hazardous.
  • The top three hazardous products CPSC found in thrift stores were drawstrings on children’s outerwear, including jackets and sweatshirts that could lead to entanglement or strangulation; hair dryers without protection against electrocution; and cribs that do not meet current safety standards.
  • There are more than 9,000 general thrift stores in the United States that sell the type of products targeted in this study. Based on this survey, CPSC estimates that about two-thirds of these thrift stores sell at least one of the study's targeted hazardous products.

 

Introduction

 

 

Each year CPSC recalls 250 to 300 potentially hazardous products. CPSC gets recalled products off retail shelves, but CPSC cannot go into consumers’ homes and remove the products. Recalled products can end up being donated or sold in the second-hand goods market, including thrift stores. Because they sell used products, thrift stores are likely to carry older products that do not meet current safety standards or that have been banned.

CPSC conducted this study to gain an overview of the extent to which certain hazardous products that have caused injury to consumers could be found in thrift stores. The CPSC study results serve as a basis for developing guidance and providing safety information to assist customers of thrift stores; consumers who might wish to donate products; and thrift store owners and managers who sell these products.

Many people shop at thrift stores and it is a growing market. CPSC believes that many consumers and thrift store owners and managers may be unaware of recalls, product standards or bans on consumer products offered for sale in the thrift stores. The purpose of this report is to present results of the study, which can be used to assist in preventing the sale and/or purchase in thrift stores of potentially hazardous products which could cause injury or death.

 

Background

 The National Association of Resale and Thrift Shops (NARTS) estimates that there are over 15,000 thrift shops across the country, including specialty product thrift stores. More than 9,000 general thrift stores sell the type of products targeted in this study.

Local and independently owned and operated thrift stores make up 72 percent of the market. National organizations make up the other 28 percent of the market. National organizations include the Salvation Army, Goodwill, St. Vincent De Paul, and Savers.

CPSC visited 217 local and independently owned and operated stores, which accounted for 72 percent of the sample. CPSC visited 84 national organizations, which accounted for 28 percent of the sample.

Description of Study  

The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) conducted a national study of thrift, consignment and resale ("thrift") shops to identify potentially dangerous products currently for sale. The product areas targeted in the study were selected hazardous consumer products that pose a danger of death or serious injury.

CPSC field staff visited 301 stores throughout the country from May through September 1999. The participating stores were randomly selected from a national compilation of thrift and consignment shops. The sampling method used in the study allows CPSC to make statistically valid national estimates of the number of thrift stores that carry hazardous products and the number of hazardous products for sale in thrift shops across the U.S.

CPSC's field staff used a prepared checklist to observe the products in the thrift stores. If any hazardous products were found, store personnel were given information about the products and asked to remove and destroy them or contact the manufacturer regarding repair, replacement or refund. Information from the checklists was entered into a database for further analysis. While CPSC was looking for a targeted list of products, it should be noted that other hazardous products are likely being sold in thrift stores.

 

CPSC found most of the targeted consumer products in one or more of the thrift stores visited. Based on this survey, CPSC estimates that approximately 69 percent of the general thrift stores in the U.S. have at least one of the study's targeted hazardous products.

 

Results of Study

 

Results for each product area are discussed next and include death and injury information and the hazard patterns. Unless otherwise stated, the following information refers to national estimates. These estimates are based on data from 301 general thrift stores in the study. For a summary of the findings, refer to the attached chart.

 

  • CLOTHING DRAWSTRINGS: 51% of general thrift stores sell children's upper outerwear, including jackets or sweatshirts, with drawstrings at the waist or neck.

 

This hidden hazard can lead to death and injury when drawstrings catch on such items as playground equipment, bus doors and cribs.

 

Since 1985, CPSC has received reports of 22 deaths and 48 non-fatal incidents involving the entanglement of children's clothing drawstrings.

In 1995, CPSC issued guidelines to consumers and manufacturers to help prevent children from strangling or getting entangled in the drawstrings of garments such as jackets and sweatshirts.

As a result of CPSC working cooperatively with industry, manufacturers agreed not to make children’s outerwear, including jackets and sweatshirts with drawstrings at the neck, and now adhere to a voluntary safety standard. Waist drawstrings are now limited to 3 inches in length. Retail stores have agreed not to sell new garments that do not meet the voluntary standards.

  • HAIR DRYERS: 20% of general thrift stores sell hair dryers without protection against electrocution.

  

Older hair dryers pose a risk of electrocution.

 

 

In the early 1980s, there was an average of 18 electrocutions each year involving hand-held hair dryers. Most of these deaths occurred when the hair dryer fell or was pulled into a bathtub.

In 1990, the industry adopted a voluntary standard for hair dryers that gives added protection against electrocution. To comply with the voluntary standard, hand-held hair dryers must protect against electrocution if they fall into water with the switch in either the "on" or "off" position.

CPSC recommends that consumers buy hair dryers that comply with the voluntary standard. This protection is provided by a large rectangular-shaped safety plug at the end of the cord.

  • CRIBS: 12% of general thrift stores sell cribs that do not meet current federal and voluntary safety standards.

  

Older cribs can present many dangers to children, including strangulation and suffocation.

 

More babies -- about 40 each year - die from injuries associated with cribs than from any other piece of nursery equipment. Most of these deaths are associated with older, used cribs. The study projects there are approximately 1,400 used cribs for sale in thrift stores throughout the country that do not meet current safety standards.

The cribs found during the study violated current federal regulations for slat spacing of full-size and non-full size cribs (the most frequently found problem) and mattress size. The study also revealed non-compliance with voluntary safety standards, including corner posts and finials on full-size and non-full size cribs. Other problems found with cribs in thrift stores included missing hardware, metal knobs and chipping paint.

Children can strangle in older cribs when their bodies slip through wide openings between the slats, but their heads get caught. Children can suffocate when their faces and noses become wedged between a loose-fitting mattress and the crib. Catchpoints and cornerposts pose entanglement hazards; children can be hung when caught on these protruding fixtures. The current federal and voluntary standards have effectively addressed many safety hazards associated with cribs.

  • HALOGEN TORCHIERE FLOOR LAMPS: 10% of general thrift stores sell halogen torchiere floor lamps without wire guards.

 

Wire guards and lower wattage halogen bulbs reduce fire hazards associated with halogen torchiere floor lamps.

 

 

CPSC has received 65 reports of fires resulting in 6 deaths involving halogen torchiere floor lamps since April 1998. The most common problems associated with these lamps are fires resulting from unintended contact between the lamp and combustible or flammable materials and the tipping or knocking over of lamps igniting these materials.

In 1997, CPSC and the industry recalled for repair 40 million lamps, manufactured before February 1997. Free wire guards are available by calling (800) 523-5702 x592. Installing the wire guard over the bulb shield and using a bulb of 300 watts or less will reduce the potential fire hazard by making it harder for flammable materials to touch the lamp's halogen bulb and ignite. Lamps sold in retail stores today are manufactured with a glass or wire guard and have been improved to prevent tipovers.

  • PLAY YARDS AND PLAYPENS: 7% of general thrift stores carry recalled play yards and playpens with protruding hardware or rotating top rails.

  

Protruding hardware poses a strangulation hazard to toddlers playing inside and around play yards and playpens. Play yards and playpens with rotating top rails that do not lock automatically into place upon setup could collapse and strangle a child.

 

 

CPSC has reports of eight toddlers who strangled in their play yards and playpens when pacifier strings or their clothing caught on the play yard's or playpen’s protruding hardware. CPSC recalled these products and is currently working with industry to develop voluntary standards and testing procedures to prevent further injury or death.

CPSC is aware of 13 children who suffocated in collapsed play yards and playpens that had rotating top rails. The top rails collapsed and entrapped children in the folded "V" formed by the rails of the product.

These play yards and playpens were set up by rotating each top rail. Current production play yards and playpens have top rails that automatically lock into place when the play yard or playpen is fully set up.

CPSC and manufacturers have recalled more than 10 million play yards and playpens with protruding hardware or rotating top rails. Recalled brands include Bilt-Rite, Evenflo, Gerry, Graco, Kolcraft, Playskool, Pride-Trimble, Strolee, Century, All Our Kids, Home and Roam, and Baby Express.

  • CAR SEAT CARRIERS: 4% of general thrift stores have recalled car seat carriers for sale.

  

Infants can fall from carriers if the handle disengages.

 

 

 More than 1 million car seat carriers have been recalled because the handle disengages. Evenflo’s On My Way model resulted in 89 injuries when the handle unexpectedly disengaged, causing the seat to flip forward. Cosco’s Arriva and Turnabout models resulted in 29 injuries. Manufacturers supplied a retrofit device to secure the handle in a locked position while in use. In the investigations of the thrift stores, only one recalled carrier was found equipped with the retrofit device.

 

  • TOY BASKETBALL NETS: 3% of general thrift stores nationwide sell recalled toy basketball nets.

  

Recalled toy basketball nets present a strangulation hazard to children.

 

 

Children can strangle on loops or openings in the nets of youth or toy basketball sets that come unhooked from the rim or have knots that slide. If children put their heads into these openings, the net can get tangled around their necks. Children, standing on the base of the basketball set, have put their head up through the bottom of the net into the openings, then twirled around and fell with the net twisted around their neck.

Since 1988, CPSC has received 20 reports of children under 5 years old getting their heads and necks caught in the nets of toy basketball sets subject to the recalls. In 1992, an 18 month-old child died after becoming entangled in a partly unhooked net.

More than 10 million nets on toy basketball sets have been recalled. Recalled brands include Ohio Art, Little Tikes, Today’s Kids and Fisher-Price.

  • OTHER HAZARDOUS PRODUCTS FOUND DURING STUDY: The following products and their associated hazards were found in thrift stores during the study. Altogether, they account for about one percent of products found.

  

  •  
  • Lawn darts are responsible for the deaths of three children when darts punctured their skulls. CPSC banned the sale and production of lawn darts in 1988. 
  • Ride-on battery powered vehicles made by Fisher-Price and Peg Perego have caused over 180 fires and at least 10 children have suffered varying degrees of burns. More than 10 million of these vehicles have been recalled. 
  • Bean bag chairs. Five children suffocated on the small pellet foam filling of bean bag chairs and at least 27 children recovered from injuries involving zippered bean bag chairs. More than 12 million zippered bean bag chairs have been recalled.
  •  
  • Cedar Chests. Between 1977 and 1999, seven children became entrapped and suffocated inside Lane cedar chests that latch (lock) automatically when the lid is closed. Lane recalled 12 million chests made before 1987 and offered a redesigned latch that allows the lid to be opened from the inside.
  •  
  • Infant swings are associated with four deaths and 50 injuries resulting from strangulation, hardware failure and seat support failure. More than 1 million have been recalled, including Century’s Lil’ Napper, Cosco’s Quiet Time and several Graco models.
  •  
  • Bunk Beds are associated with 57 entrapment deaths, 55 of which were to children 3 years or younger when children became entrapped and strangled in the bed’s structure or wedged between the bed and wall and suffocated. More than a half million bunk beds have been recalled. 
  • Loops in window blind cords pose a strangulation hazard to children. CPSC is aware of at least 194 deaths since 1981 from this hazard. Safety tassels are available free of charge at window covering retailers. Call (800) 506-4636 to order free tassels. Because of CPSC's work with the industry, all loops on mini-blind cords sold new in retail stores have been eliminated.
  •  
  • Child safety gates can protect children from hazards, especially falls down stairs. But old accordion-style baby gates are dangerous because a child’s head can become entrapped in the gate’s openings. CPSC knows of nine deaths and 25 near misses because of the entrapment hazard of these gates. Parents and caregivers should shop for and use newer-style safety gates.

 

Conclusions

 

 

After visiting a sample of 301 thrift stores nationwide, CPSC estimates that 69 percent of general thrift stores in the U.S. sell at least one hazardous product. These products present a risk of injury or death.

CPSC’s study indicates that store owners and managers, and consumers may not be aware that many of the products being donated to or sold in thrift stores are hazardous.

CPSC seeks a commitment from thrift stores to stop selling hazardous products.

 

 

Recommendations

 

 

As a result of this study, CPSC has prepared a Thrift Store Checklist for consumers and thrift stores, and model legislation for state governments. Anyone who donates, sells, or purchases a second-hand product should check with CPSC to determine if it is hazardous and if so, whether a repair is available.

CPSC has prepared a "Thrift Store Checklist" for consumers and thrift store owners and managers, which it is releasing with this report. The checklist includes information on how to contact CPSC to check on product recalls, bans and current safety standards. The checklist is easy to use and should be consulted before making purchases or donating consumer products to thrift stores. Thrift store owners and managers should use the checklist before accepting donations, accepting consignments or purchasing inventory for the store. CPSC is distributing this checklist to the National Association of Resale and Thrift Shops (NARTS) and national organizations. CPSC also is giving this information to state and local governments for distribution to the local and independently owned and operated thrift stores.

CPSC has drafted model legislation for state governments to adopt to make it illegal for commercial entities who sell or provide children’s products for public use, such as thrift stores, to sell or distribute certain hazardous products. The model legislation focuses only on children’s products which violate federal safety regulations or have been recalled for safety reasons. Thus, it is narrower in scope both in terms of the types of products and in the types of hazards it would address than the full range of hazardous products found in thrift stores in this study. The scope of the legislation was narrowed to ensure that the most vulnerable population affected by unsafe products - children - would be protected, and for ease of enforcement by state governments. CPSC will distribute this model legislation to organizations such as the National Association of Attorneys General and the National Governors Association.

These publications may be obtained from CPSC in the following ways:

Website: www.cpsc.gov
Toll-free hotline: (800) 638- 2772
Mail: U. S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, Washington, DC 20207
 

 

 

 

FINDINGS OF STUDY

 

 

 

 

 

 

Product and 
Hazard Type

(i.e. Thrift store has: )

 
Study Counts
(stores in study=301)

 
National Estimates
(stores in country=9,547)

Number of Stores with Product

Number of Products Found in Stores

Estimate of Number Of Stores with Product

Percent of Stores with Product

Estimate of Number of Products in Thrift Stores

Drawstrings around the hood or neck of children's outerwear:
 

Strangulation hazard

155

1,047

4,916

51.4%

32,810

Hair dryers without protection against electrocution:
 

Electrocution hazard

64

130

1,897

19.8%

3,359

Cribs that do not meet current safety standard:
 

Entrapment hazard

34

44

1,175

12.3%

1,462

Halogen torchiere floor lamps without wire guards:
 

Fire hazard

32

64

989

10.3%

1,092

Recalled play yards/playpens with protruding rivets or rotating top rails:
 

Strangulation and entrapment hazard

20

28

670

7.0%

954

Recalled infant car seat carriers:
 

Fall hazard

12

16

399

4.2%

534

Recalled toy basketball nets:
 

Strangulation hazard

8

10

250

2.6%

311

1
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