In an effort to reduce the rising death toll from carbon monoxide poisoning associated with consumer use of portable generators, the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) voted unanimously (2-0) to issue a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPR).
The proposed standard would require manufacturers to place a new warning label on portable generators. The label includes pictograms and statements warning consumers that a generator's exhaust contains poisonous carbon monoxide and that a generator should NEVER be used inside the home or in partially enclosed areas such as garages.
CPSC has reports of 64 people who died last year from carbon monoxide poisoning associated with portable generators. Many of the deaths occurred after hurricanes and major storms.
Later this year, CPSC staff will be providing the Commission with information on other potential regulatory and non-regulatory options to reduce deaths and injuries caused by carbon monoxide poisoning from generators.
The public has 75 days to comment to the Commission about the NPR. Comments can be submitted to CPSC's Office of the Secretary at firstname.lastname@example.org
NOTICE OF PROPOSED RULEMAKING FOR PORTABLE GENERATORS
August 15, 2006
Today I am voting to publish for comment a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPR) that would require all portable generators sold to consumers in the United States bear a specific warning label. The purpose of the proposed rule is to better warn consumers about the very real danger of carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning posed by the use of a portable generator in or near a home.
The demand by consumers for portable generators has increased in recent years. Portable generators can be extremely useful machines, particularly after the loss of electricity in the wake of a storm or for some other reason. However, as the number of portable generators in use has increased, so too have the number of people who have been killed or sickened by CO poisoning from those generators. The amount of CO emitted from a portable generator can be up to several hundred times that released by a modern car's exhaust and can kill consumers in a very short period of time, especially while they sleep, as several recent, tragic incidents have demonstrated.
In addition to the proposed warning label requirement, I anticipate that the Commission will soon receive a staff package outlining other regulatory options the Commission might consider regarding portable generators. I look forward to receiving that package as well as the public's comments on this NPR, and to continuing to work with all of our stakeholders on this important issue.
ON THE NOTICE OF PROPOSED RULEMAKING REGARDING LABELING REQUIREMENTS FOR PORTABLE GENERATORS
August 15, 2006
In the six year period from 2000 through 2005, CPSC staff is aware of at least 222 deaths related to carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning associated with portable generators. Far too many of the deaths associated with the use of portable generators predictably occur following severe weather events that typically cause power outages. Consumers, unknowingly, expose themselves and others to lethal CO gas while using the portable generator as a substitute power source often during times of high stress and anxiety.
As part of a comprehensive review of the existing portable generator safety measures, our staff looked into the sufficiency of warning labels to address the carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning hazard posed by portable generators. As a result of that review, staff has provided a recommendation for a product warning label to be affixed to portable generators. The Commission staff believes that current warning labels are ambiguous and do not adequately advise the user on how to avoid the CO poisoning hazard. I am voting today to issue the staff's recommendation as a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking and thereby inviting all interested parties to provide comments to the Commission on the overall sufficiency of the recommended warning label in addressing the CO poisoning hazard associated with the use of portable generators.
I also encourage comments from interested parties about the desirability of specifically providing for the warning label to be in a second language on the generator itself. My understanding is that staff did not intend to preclude the use of a second language warning label, but since no specific provision is made in the proposed rule for such a label on the generator, whereas it is for the label on the generator packaging, some manufacturers might conclude that a label in a language other than English is not allowed on the generator itself. Comments about the format of any second language warning label would also be instructive, particularly in light of Underwriters Laboratories' requirements in this regard in its Outline of Investigation.
As mentioned above, our staff is conducting a thorough review of the existing portable generator safety measures. While improvements to warnings are important, warning labels, by themselves, may be insufficient as a sole means of addressing the CO poisoning hazard. From our experience, we know that simple awareness of a possible hazard will not in every instance dissuade a consumer from behavior that leads to exposure to the hazard. Therefore, in the very near future, our staff will be providing to the Commission a briefing package that will contain a comprehensive discussion on additional regulatory and non-regulatory alternatives which could be used to further reduce CO related deaths and injuries associated with the use of portable generators.
The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) is charged with protecting the public from unreasonable risks of injury or death associated with the use of thousands of types of consumer products. Deaths, injuries, and property damage from consumer product incidents cost the nation more than $1 trillion annually. CPSC’s work to ensure the safety of consumer products has contributed to a decline in the rate of deaths and injuries associated with consumer products over the past 40 years.
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