Appendix 1

No. of playgrounds inspected: 26

No. of cities sampled: 13

No. of playgrounds with equipment with lead-containing (Pb) paint:

  • 0.06%: 20 playgrounds out of 11 cities
  • 0.5%: 16 playgrounds out of 20 cities

Median % Lead (Pb) found:

  • 0.06%: 0.87% (range 0.07% to 8.76%)
  • 0.5%: 1.47% (range 0.62% to 8.76%)

Age of Equipment (range): 14-45 years (4 of the 5 cities reporting age of playgrounds being 25 - 45 years old)

Chart A summarizes the CPSC analysis of paint scrapings it took from playground equipment at 26 playgrounds selected from 13 cities across the United States. The playgrounds were selected because they contained old playground equipment. The cities were selected to provide broad geographical representation. Twenty of the playgrounds in 11 cities had playground equipment with lead-containing paint in excess of 0.06 % (w/w). The remaining two playgrounds from these 11 cities did not contain equipment with lead-containing paint in excess of 0.06% . Equipment from the other four playgrounds, in two cities, did not have levels of lead above 0.06 %.

The content of lead in excess of 0.06 % (w/w) on the playground equipment ranged from 0.07 % to 8.76 % with a median level of 0.87 %. Sixteen of the 20 playgrounds had levels of lead at or above 0.5 percent with a median lead level of 1.47% and a range from 0.62 % to 8.76 %. Ten of the cities with levels of lead-containing paint in excess of 0.06 % on their playground equipment reported that they repainted the equipment.

Because only two playgrounds were tested in each city, the inclusion of a city in this chart does not imply that all playgrounds in that city have equipment with lead-containing paint in excess of 0.06 %. In addition, the lack of finding lead at levels that exceed the regulation does not imply that all playgrounds in that city are below 0.06 %.

Chart B

Tests of Playground Equipment performed by State and Local Jurisdictions

         
No. of playgrounds tested No. of Cities /States surveyed # of playgrounds with equipment with lead-containing paint in excess of 0.06% Range of Lead found Type and Frequency of Control Measure
223 19 cities in 9 states and the District of Columbia and 3 State offices 125 from 11 cities* 0.09 - 29% 8 cities reported removal or repainting; 2 repainted and did not remove equip.; 1 had not decided on fix; considered hazard level low.

* 3 cities did not have actual results to report

Chart B reflects the results as reported to CPSC investigators regarding the analysis of painted playground equipment by state and city employees. The staff received reports from 19 cities in 9 states, the District of Columbia and three state offices. In 11 cities, 125 playgrounds had lead-containing paint on their playground equipment in excess of 0.06% (w/w). The content of lead in the paint from the equipment reportedly ranged from 0.09% to 29%.

Chart C

CPSC Analysis of Public Playground Paint Samples For Lead


City, State Sample Number Paint & sand
or soil*
Test Results
% Lead (w/w)
Age of equipment
if known

Repainted by City
When painted
San Francisco, CA 96-860-5723 red
sand
0.025
< 0.001
Not reported Not reported
  96-860-5724 dark red
sand
1.474
0.002

Not reported Not reported
Pasadena, CA 96-860-6230 red/green
red/green
yellow
red/green
soil
0.896
0.071

0.011
0.093
N.D.
Not reported Not reported
  96-860-6231 red/orange
yellow
dark red
rust orange
soil
0.069
N.D.
N.D.
0.174
N.D.

Not reported Not reported
Lakewood, CO 96-860-6272 yellow
soil
0.02
0.007
At least 15 yrs. Yes, 2 layers of paint
  96-860-6273 red
blue
purple
soil
0.02
0.022
0.029
0.003

At least 15 yrs. Yes, 6 layers of paint
Miami FL 96-800-2836 orange
orange
gray
black
green
red
orange
red
yellow
all soil
0.008
N.D.
N.D.
N.D.
N.D
N.D.
0.6228
0.799

N.D.
N.D.
Not reported Yes, multiple layers
  96-800-2837 black
orange
orange
black
brown
orange
orange
orange
orange
red
brown
all soil
N.D.
N.D.
N.D.
N.D.
N.D.
N.D.
N.D.
0.026
0.021
0.726
N.D.
N.D.

Not reported Some equipment had multiple layers of paint
City, State Sample Number Paint & sand
or soil*
Test Results
% Lead (w/w)
Age of equipment
if known

Repainted by City
When painted
Chicago, IL 96-830-3733 yellow
red
soil
8.755
0.021
0.004
35-45 yrs Yes
  96-830-3734 yellow
orange
green/gray
yellow/orange
blue/orange
yellow
yellow
soil
2.204
0.009
0.004
0.006
0.189
0.002
6.564
0.055

35-45 yrs Yes
New Orleans, LA 96-860-6040 red
yellow
orange/yellow
green
soil
2.354
0.034
0.068
0.036
0.010
No age indicated Yes
  96-860-6073 red
green
orange
soil
0.024
0.026
0.009
0.042

No age indicated Yes
St. Paul, MN 96-830-3307 yellow/red
red/black
soil
0.047
0.076
0.001
sub 1: 14 years
sub 2: 14 years
repainted
not repainted
  96-830-3308 yellow
red
soil
0.638
0.00
0.00

sub 1: 30-40 yrs.
sub 2: 30-40 yrs.
repainted
repainted within last 3 years
New York, NY 96-800-2938 red/white
red/white
red
black/white
0.018
0.004
N.D.
0.064
Not reported Not reported
  96-800-2939 yellow
red/white
red/gray
black/white
soil
N.D.
0.071
0.311

N.D.
0.015

Not reported Not reported
City, State Sample Number Paint & sand
or soil*
Test Results
% Lead (w/w)
Age of equipment
if known

Repainted by City
When painted
Portland, OR 96-860-6309 red
red
green
yellow
red
yellow
yellow
green
red
green
yellow
red
yellow
green
red
yellow
green
red
green
yellow
green
soil
0.105
0.025
0.736
0.890

0.004
0.001
N.D.
0.008
0.007
N.D.
0.005
N.D.
N.D.
0.013
N.D.
1.463
0.044
1.332
0.010
N.D.
0.042
N.D.
Not reported Yes
  96-860-6310 red/blue
yellow
red/yellow
gray
soil
0.844
2.440
1.648
0.248

N.D.

Not reported Yes
Philadelphia, PA 96-896-7842 yellow/white
concrete slab
1.73 25 years Not reported
  96-896-7843 red/green
concrete slab

2.94 25 years Not reported
Pittsburgh, PA 96-896-7715 orange
red/green
blue
yellow/green
red
yellow
soil
1.36
1.34
4.81
2.57
2.24
3.37

0.001
26 years Yes-last 7-10
years
  96-896-7716 green/orange
yellow/green
green
soil
0.74
1.7
0.101

0.007

26 years Yes-last 7-10
years
Memphis, TN 96-830-4113 black
red
mixed
soil
N.D.
0.034
1.074
0.0
Not reported Yes - Multi-layers
of paint
  96-830-4114 red
orange
soil
0.247
5.005

0.0

Not reported Yes - Multi-layers
of paint
Dallas, TX 96-860-5536 blue
blue/yellow
red
soil
0.027
0.015
0.010
N.D.
Not reported No multiple
layers of paint
  96-860-5537 yellow
blue
soil
N.D.
N.D.
N.D.

Not reported Not reported

* The sand/soil samples were collected from beneath the playground equipment.

9/25/96